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Home > Publication > Publication in 2017 > Gibbs energy additivity approaches to QSPR in modeling of high pressure density and kinematic viscosity of FAME and biodiesel

  • Gibbs energy additivity approaches to QSPR in modeling of high pressure density and kinematic viscosity of FAME and biodiesel
    Author: Thinnaphop Chum-in, Kaokanya Sudaprasert, SuriyaPhankosol, Supathra Lilitchan, Kornkanok Aryusuk and Kanit Krisnangkura
    Journal: FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
    Published: 2017, Volume: 156, Pages: 385-393
    IF = 3.752, Q1
    MORE INFORMATION: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2016.09.025

Abstract

Density (ρ) and kinematic viscosity (μ) are important physical properties of biodiesel. They are directly affected by both temperature and pressure. Accordingly, models which correlate density and kinematic viscosity of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) and biodiesel to their carbon numbers, number of double bonds of fatty acid are proposed. Gibbs free energy additivity is used as an alternative approach to quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) in estimating density and kinematic viscosity at high temperature and pressure of FAME and biodiesel. It is one of the best models for estimating density of FAME, mixtures of FAMEs or biodiesels and biodiesel blends at different temperatures (283.15–333.15 K) and pressures (0.2–40 MPa).

For kinematic viscosity, the model is simply derived from the sum (or subtraction) of the Gibbs energies of dynamic viscous flow and volumetric expansion. Thus, this is the first model proposed for prediction of kinematic viscosity of FAME and biodiesel ay different temperatures and pressures. Because there is no experimental value in the literature, the accuracy of the model is tested against the experimental density and experimental dynamic viscosity (η) via the classical equation (μ = η/ρ).

Keywords

Biodiesel, Density, Fatty acid methyl ester, Gibbs energy, Kinematic viscosity, Model, Pressure